He was born in village
Ukhai, 6 k.m. from Siwan district
on 2nd August 1842 in his parental house. The ancestors of Khuda Baksha
were in service of King Alamgir. They were doing the work of book keeping and writing
records of the kingdom.
His father was a famous advocate in
Patna. He was very fond of collecting hand written books and he was spending big
part of his income on purchasing such books. His father brought Khuda Baksh to Patna
from Ukhai. He passed his matriculation with very good marks from the Patna High
School in 1859. His father sent him to Calcutta for higher studies. But he could
not adjust himself to the new environment and he often had health problems. He returned
to Patna and started studying law in Patna University. He completed his law education
in 1868 and started practice at Patna. In short time, he became a well known advocate.
His father expired in 1876, but in his
will he has asked his son to establish a public library with the collection of his
books nearing around 1700 and making more contribution to the collection. His father
aim was to benefit the people of his precious collection.
In 1877 he became the
1st Vice Chairman of the Patna Municipal
Corporation. For his
contribution in the area of education and literature he was awarded the title
of "Khan Bahadur" in 1891. In 1903 he was honored with the title of "C.I.B."
The biggest achievement of Khuda Baksh was creating a public library from
the precious collections of his father and making his own valuable collection of
books, which was later named as "Oriental Public Library"
He started constructing a separate special building for the library,
which was completed in two years. The library was inaugurated by the Lieutenant
Governor of Bangal Sir Charles Elliot in 1891. At that time it was having
around 4000 hand written books in the library.
In 1895, he was appointed as a Chief Justice
of High Court of Nizam of
Hyderabad. After staying there for about three years, he again returned to
Patna and started the practice. But soon he suffered from the paralysis and he confined
his activity only to the library. Due to his illness, he could not carry out his
activities. He was given Rs. 8000 for paying his debts and made the secretary of
the library and Rs. 200 was sanctioned as a pension to him. He couldnot recovered
from the paralysis and the great son of Siwan died on 3rd August 1908.